GEOLOGY - for 3-year M. Sc. Tech. (Applied Geology) course:
(a) GENERAL GEOLOGY: Age, origin and interior of the earth; formation of
continents, and oceans; geological time- scale; physiographic features of India.
Processes of weathering, erosion, transportation and deposition. Geological work
of running water (river), lake, glaciers, sea, wind, groundwater and organic life.
Mountains, plateaus and plains. Volcanoes and earthquakes. Elementary ideas on plate
(b) MINERALOGY: Classification of minerals, and physical and chemical properties
of important minerals. Double refraction, pleochroism, birefringence, interference
figures, sign determination of uniaxial and biaxial minerals, optic axial angle.
Diagnostic optical properties of important rock-forming minerals.
(c) CRYSTALLOGRAPHY: Classification of crystal classes and crystal system,
twinning, isomorphism, pseudomorphism and polymorphism.
(d) PETROLOGY: Crystallisation, differentiation and assimilation of magma.
Bowen’s Reaction Series. Processes of sedimentation and sedimentary structures.
Types of metamorphism, metamorphic grades and facies. Classification, mode of occurrence,
texture, structure and mineral composition of common igneous, sedimentary and metamorphic
(e) STRCUTURAL GEOLOGY: Common structural features of rock masses. Stratification,
joint, cleavage, schistosity and lineation; dip, strike, and thickness of beds.
Effect of topography on outcrop of beds. Folds, faults and unconformities: their
classification, description and recognition in field and on the geological maps.
(f) ECONOMIC GEOLOGY: Forms, mode of occurrences and classification of mineral
deposits. Important processes of formation of economic mineral deposits. Some common
and important metallic and non-metallic mineral deposits of India with particular
reference to their geology, geographical occurrences and utilisation. Geology of
(g) STRATIGRAPHY: Standard stratigraphical scale and its subdivisions. Principles
of stratigraphy. Major geological formations of India with special reference to
Archaean, Proterozoic, Palaeozoic, Mesozoic and Tertiary stratigraphy.
(h) PALAEONTOLOGY: Fossils – definition, nature and mode of preservation.
General description of most common fossil groups of invertebrates and plants. Stratigraphic
distribution and evolutionary trends of common invertebrate phyla.